How to Improve Your Coding Style
Writing code is also the most challenging aspect of any software development Proceess. If you don’t plan ahead of time — particularly for large projects — the coding process and subsequent code management can become not only time consuming, but also a major headache.
Good code is maintainable, reusable, and testable. The following tips address how you and/or your development team can handle various coding tasks and how to keep everything as neat as possible. I will introduce you to some “best practices” that will help you write better code and help make you and your team happy and efficient.
1. Use a Coding Standard
It’s simple to type in awful, unorganized code, but it’s difficult to preserve such code. Great code ordinarily takes after a few standards for naming traditions, organizing, etc. Such measures are pleasant since they make things deterministic to those who perused your code a while later, counting yourself.
2. Write Useful Comments
For ambiguous lines, write meaningful, single-line comments; for functions and methods, write complete parameter and functionality descriptions; for tricky logic blocks, explain the logic in words before it if possible. Also, don’t forget to update your comments on a regular basis!
Code refactoring is the eighth propensity of profoundly compelling engineers. Accept it or not, you ought to be refactoring your code on an everyday premise or your code isn’t in great wellbeing! Refactoring keeps your code sound, but what ought to you refactor and how?
4. Avoid Global Code
In a perfect case, you ought to have no squares characterized universally. That’s . all switch explanations, try-catch, foreach, while-loops, etc. ought to be composed interior a strategy or a work. Strategies ought to be composed interior lesson definitions, and lesson and work definitions ought to be inside namespaces.
5. Use Meaningful Names
Never utilize names like $k, $m, and $test for your factors. How do anticipate to studied such code within the future? Great code ought to be significant in terms of variable names, function/method names, and lesson names. A few great cases of important names are: $ask, $dbResult, and $tempFile (depending on your coding fashion rules these may utilize underscores, camelCase, or PascalCase).
6. Use Meaningful Structures
7. Use Version Control Software
Within the ancient days, great advancement groups depended on CVS and diff patches for adaptation control. These days, in spite of the fact that we have an assortment of arrangements accessible. Overseeing changes and modifications ought to be simple but successful, so choose anything adaptation control program that will work best with the workflow of your development team. I favor employing a disseminated form control apparatus like Git or Fluctuating; both are free software/open-source and exceptionally effective.
8. Use Automated Build Tools
Attempt to utilize apparatuses like Insect or Phing to urge your source arranged, compressed, and sent. Building your entire application with a single command could be a marvelous way to prevent errors and exclusions that are inborn when performing monotonous assignments, and maybe a by and large center pre-requisite for computerized testing techniques.
9. Use Code Documenters
For large applications spanning several classes and namespaces, you should have automatically generated API documentation.
10. Use a Testing Framework
There are many systems of tools that I truly appreciate, but by distance the ones I appreciate the foremost are the systems that offer assistance mechanize the testing handle.